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Links About Learning and the Brain

Neuroplasticity is the brain’s amazing ability to change, adapt, and reorganize itself. It is a natural process that happens when we interact with the world around us; we take in new information and make new connections in our mind. Our senses work very closely with our memory and understanding, so underdevelopment in one area is often related to underdevelopment in the others. Through our unique combination of brain training exercises and sensorimotor tasks, we help our clients make new pathways in the brain to support more efficient learning. 

Below are links to studies, articles, and other information about the brain, the body, balance, our senses, learning, and how it all works together.

Alberta (2015). "Sensory Integration and Sensory Integration Dysfunction." Retrieved from


Ayres PhD, A. J. “Learning Disabilities and the Vestibular System.” Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol 11, Issue 1, pp. 30 - 41


Broglio,S.P, Tomporowski, P.D. & Ferrara, M.S. (2005). “Balance Performance with a Cognitive Task: A Dual-Task Testing Paradigm.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(4), 689-695.


Campbell, Donna Turner, (2000). “The Current Structure of Intellect Remediation Lab as an Intervention for Deficient Readers in Grades 3, 4, and 5". Dissertations. Paper 260.


Fawcett, A.J. & Nicolson, R.I. (1992). “Automatisation Deficits in Balance for Dyslexic Children.” Perpetual and Motor Skills, 75, 507-529.

Goetz, Michal et al. (2017). “Dynamic Balance in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Its Relationship with Cognitive Functions and Cerebellum.” Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 13 (2017): 873–880. PMC.

Goodloe-Kaplan, B. (1986). Construct validity and diagnostic utility of the Structure of Intellect Learning Abilities Test for black and other intermediate grade students evaluated for gifted program placement. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania .

Hallett, M. and Grafman, J. (1997). “Executive function and motor skill learning.” International Review of Neurobiology, Vol. 41, 297-323.


Hannaford PhD, C. (2007). Smart Moves: Why Learning is Not All in Your Head, 2nd ed. Great River Books: Sept. 2007.


Heyn P.; Abreu B. C.; Ottenbacher K. J. (2004). The effects of exercise training on elderly persons with cognitive impairment and dementia: a meta-analysis. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 85(10), 1694-704.

Kranowitz, C.S. (2009). The Vestibular System and Auditory Language Processing. Retrieved on July 20, 2018 from

Levin, H. (2006). “Neuroplasticity and Brain Imaging Research: Implications for Rehabilitation.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Volume 87, Issue 12, Page 1.

Mailloux, Z. "The Vestibular System: Why Is It So Critical?" Retrieved July 20, 2018 from

McLean, J.F. & Hitch, G.J. (1999). “Working Memory Impairments in Children with Specific Arithmetic Learning Difficulties”

Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol 74, Issue 3, 240-260.


Moreno, S., Marques, C., Santos, A. et. al. “Musical Training Influences Linguistic Abilities in 8-Year-Old Children: More Evidence for Brain Plasticity.” Cereb Cortex 2009; 19 (3): 712-723.

Paediatric Play (2017). "Balance Boards, Inc. Provides Amazing Therapy Tools." Retrieved from

Parents Reaching Out (1989). "How Can I Help This Child? A Guide for Teachers of Students with Sensory Integrative Disorders." Retrieved on July 29, 2018 from 

Ploughman, M. (2008). “Exercise is Brain Food: The effects of physical activity on cognitive function.” Developmental Neurorehabilitation, July 2008; 11(3): 236–240.


Rabipour, S. & Raz, A. (2012). “Training the brain: Fact and fad in cognitive and behavioral remediation.” Brain and Cognition, Vol 79, Issue 2, July 2012, 159–179.


Ratey M.D., J. & Hagerman, E. (2008). Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain. Little, Brown & Company: Ed 1, January 2008.

Rayner, K. (1998). “Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research.” Psychological Bulletin, Vol 124(3), Nov 1998, 372-422.


Roid, G. H. (1984). Factor analysis of the figural, symbolic, and semantic dimensions of the SOI-LA. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 44, 697-702.

Runco, M.A. & Acar, S. (2012). “Divergent Thinking as an Indicator of Creative Potential.” Creativity Research Journal, Vo. 24:1, 2012.

Sheridan, M.J. & Steele-Dadzie, T.E. (2005). “Structure of Intellect and Learning Style of Incarcerated Youth Assessment: A Means to Providing a Continuum of Educational Service in Juvenile Justice.” Journal of Correctional Education: Vol. 56, No. 4 (December 2005), 347-371.


Sisk, D. (1998). Third Party Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Structure of Intellect Model School Program in Paris Independent School District : Year 1 Report. Beaumont , TX . Unpublished study.

Smith, P. F., Darlington, Cynthia. L. and Zheng, Y. (2010), Move it or lose it—Is stimulation of the vestibular system necessary for normal spatial memory?. Hippocampus, 20: 36–43.

SOI Systems. (2006). SOI Programs, Benefits, Data, and Results. Retrieved from

SOI Systems. (1998). The SOI Model School at Travis Elementary: Results from the First Two Years. Retrieved from


SOI Systems Canada. (1994). Our Research. Retrieved from

Solan HA, Shelley-Tremblay J, Larson S. Vestibular Function, Sensory Integration, and Balance Anomalies: A Brief Literature Review Optom Vis Dev 2007;38(1):13-17.

Stoodley CJ, Fawcett AJ, Nicolson RI, Stein JF. (2005). “Impaired balancing ability in dyslexic children.” Exp Brain Res. 2005 Dec;167(3):370-80.


Stoodley CJ, Fawcett AJ, Nicolson RI, Stein JF. (2006). "Balancing and pointing tasks in dyslexic and control adults." Dyslexia. 2006 Nov;12(4):276-88.

Teaching Research Division, Western Oregon University . (1998). Third Party Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Structure of Intellect Model Schools Pilot Program: Year 1 Report. Monmouth , OR . Unpublished study.


Tracey, R. (1997b). High gains for low SES students: 1996-97 TAAS performance of SOI Model School treatment group compared to control group. Annapolis : Intellectual Development Systems. Unpublished study.

Vestibular Disorders Association (2016). "The Human Balance System: A Complex Coordination of Central and Peripheral Systems." Retrieved July 20, 2018 from

Vision Therapy Vancouver. "Vision, Learning and Reading." Retrieved July 20, 2018 from

Watson, P.J. (1978). “Nonmotor functions of the cerebellum.” Psychological Bulletin, Vol 85, 944-967

Wiener-Vacher, S. R., Hamilton, D. A., & Wiener, S. I. (2013). Vestibular activity and cognitive development in children: perspectives. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 7, 92. 

Weiss, L.-A. (1992). Educational therapy: SOI based case studies. Laguna Hills , CA. Unpublished study.

Why do we need an IPP/SOI program? (1998). Wichita,KS : East High School.

Willis PhD, SH.L.,Tennstedt PhD, S.L., Marsiske PhD, M., (2006). “Long-term Effects of Cognitive Training on Everyday Functional Outcomes in Older Adults.” JAMA. 2006; 296(23): 2805-2814.

Your Family Clinic (2014). "Sensory Integration, Processing Speed and Neuro-Development." Retrieved July 20, 2018 from